Stokes's Bristol Nightclub incident in detail (From: The Comeback Summer by Geoff Lemon)
IF YOU’RE LOOKING for a place where misadventure could begin, you can’t go past Mbargo. The nightclub’s streetfront is painted a purple so bright you’ll see it in your dreams. Strings of giant sequins shimmer in the breeze. Its phonically inventive name is spelt in silver letters that climb its three-storey terrace facade. Inside are strips of burning neon, a few booths, floorboards so marinated in drink that they have an ingredients list. Bristol is a student city on England’s south coast crowded with music and nightlife and street art. This is Banksy’s home town, and the tourism board suggests in rather strong terms that ‘you would be a fool not to see his amazing work firsthand’. The same organisation describes Mbargo as ‘intimate’, which is fair for a place where you can catch an STI standing up. Students cram into its modest dimensions while people with names like DJ Klaud battle for billing with £1.50 drink deals over seven sloppy nights a week. To get a sense of the story about to come, consider that it’s the kind of place open until two o’clock on a Monday morning, and that at two o’clock on a Monday morning, Ben Stokes still thought it had closed too early. The Ashes of 2017–18 had disciplinary bookends. It was after that series that Australia’s two leaders went off the rails in South Africa. It was a few weeks before that Ashes tour that England’s biggest star windmilled his way into his own disaster. In the early hours of 25 September 2017, Stokes and teammate Alex Hales were barred from re-entering Mbargo after a night out on the piss. A Sunday thrashing of an abject West Indies in an ignored series at the fag-end of the season apparently required ample celebration. After arguing with the bouncer and hanging about at the door for a while, they wandered off to find a casino in the hope of more drinking. They’d barely made it around the corner before getting in the middle of a conflict between four locals. As is said on the internet, it escalated quickly. The 26 September reporting was bloodless. Withholding names, police stated that a man ‘was arrested on suspicion of causing actual bodily harm’ while another went to hospital with facial injuries. England’s director of cricket Andrew Strauss separately confirmed that Stokes was the arrestee, adding that he had been released without charge and that Hales had gamely offered to ‘help police with their enquiries’. Administrators had a good chance of hiding behind that investigation, and the next day Stokes was named in the upcoming Ashes squad as expected. But that night the video emerged. Bristol student Max Wilson had shot it on his phone, then offered it to The Sun. What he thought was playing hardball was actually lowball: his opening price of £3000 was snapped up by a tabloid that would have paid ten times that. The Sun went on to make a mint by syndicating the rights worldwide. From a window above the fray, the vision showed six men on the street below performing the muddled choreography of a melee. One was right at the centre of it. One was waving a bottle, one dipped in and out, one tried to calm it. Two others floated around the edges. The central figure was unmistakable: red hair burning even in the streetlight as he launched into a series of blows against two of the men, falling to grapple with them on the ground, then following both across the street, swinging punches the whole way. Hales trailed behind, repeatedly and impotently shouting ‘Stokes! Stop! Stokes! Enough!’ The ECB could fudge issues that existed only in thickets of legalese, but not those captured in moving colour. Stokes was stood down from the next West Indies match, then suspended indefinitely. It emerged that he had broken his hand during the fight, something he’d done twice before while punching objects in dressing rooms. The response in Australia was fierce: Stokes was a thug, a lowlife, a selection that would disgrace England. It was not entirely coincidental that a ban for England’s best player would be handy for the Aussie team, but there was also a cultural split. In England, plenty of people still minimise pub fights as lads letting off steam. In Australia, heavy media coverage as a succession of young men were killed had inverted that tolerance. The discourse now saw any punch as potentially deadly and accordingly reckless. This was more poignant in a cricket context given that David Hookes, the dashing Test batsman and state coach, was killed in 2004 by a pub bouncer’s fist. The PR situation was bad for Stokes as details emerged of the injuries to the men he’d hit, and that one was a young war veteran and father. Stokes wasn’t officially removed from the Ashes squad through October but stayed behind when his teammates left, hoping for police to dismiss the matter in time for a late dash to Australia. His annual contract was renewed on the due date in case that came to pass. Then 29 October brought a twist in the tale. ‘Ben Stokes praised by gay couple after defending them from homophobic thugs,’ ran the headline. Kai Barry and Billy O’Connell had emerged. Not entirely out of nowhere: while Stokes had made no public comment, this story in his defence had initially been leaked to TV host Piers Morgan after the fight, as soon as the video appeared. Police body-camera footage played in court would later show that Stokes had given the same story to the arresting officer on the night. But no-one knew the identities of the fifth and sixth men in the video, and police appeals had turned up nothing. It was The Sun again with the breakthrough. Kai and Billy were perfect for a readership not keen on nuance. ‘We couldn’t believe it when we found out they were famous cricketers. I just thought Ben and Alex were quite hot, fit guys,’ said Kai, who was memorably described as a ‘former House of Fraser sales assistant’. The paper had the pair do a full photo shoot: layering the fake tan, showing off chest waxes, mixing Ralph Lauren and Louis Vuitton into a range of outfits. Their best shot had them standing back to back, heads turned to the camera, in a mirror-image Zoolander moment. Suddenly The Sun was the England team’s best friend. ‘Their claims could lead to the all-rounder being cleared over the punch-up and freed to play in the First Test in Australia next month,’ it gushed, then gave a tasting platter of quotes: ‘We were so grateful to Ben for stepping in to help. He was a real hero.’ ‘If Ben hadn’t intervened it could have been a lot worse for us.’ ‘We could’ve been in real trouble. Ben was a real gentleman.’ Would it be known forever as Kai and Billy’s Ashes? No. While the Bristol boys provided spin for Stokes’ reputation they didn’t influence the police. With charges still pending there was little choice – not given Strauss had previously sacked Kevin Pietersen for being annoying. Stokes remained suspended through the Ashes and a one-day series in Australia, and lost the vice-captaincy. It was January 2018 before the Crown Prosecution Service laid a charge. That charge surprisingly came in as affray, a crime that can carry prison time but is classified as ‘a breach of the peace as a result of disorderly conduct’. The men he had punched, Ryan Ali and Ryan Hale, faced the same count, charged as equal participants in a fight rather than Stokes being charged with assaulting them. Alex Hales was not charged, despite being seen in the video to aim several kicks when Ryan Ali was lying on the ground. Given the underwhelming standing of the offence, Stokes was cleared by the ECB to tour New Zealand, and kept playing until his trial in August 2018, which he missed a Test to attend. None of the three defendants would be convicted. The reasoning behind the charges was never released and was attributed vaguely to ‘CPS lawyers’. The service gave the case to Alison Morgan, a prosecutor of a class known as Treasury Counsel who usually handle serious criminal matters. Morgan had a scheduling clash and never ended up court for the case, but in 2018 and 2019 she would go on to win damages and admissions of libel from The Daily Mail, The Times and The Daily Telegraph variously for incorrectly reporting that she had been responsible for the inadequate and inconsistent charging decisions. Morgan’s successor on the case was Nicholas Corsellis QC, who on the first day of trial was permitted by the CPS to request two assault charges be added against Stokes. ‘Upon further review,’ claimed a CPS statement, ‘we considered that additional assault charges would also be appropriate.’ This was patent nonsense from the service that eight months earlier had chosen the lesser charge. Any lawyer knows that no judge will allow new charges once a trial has begun, because the defence hasn’t had time to prepare. But such a request could deflect criticism of the prosecution service by technically making the judge the one who disallows the charge. Working through the story from the trial and the tape is complicated. You had a Ryan and a Ryan, a Hale and a Hales, a Billy and a Barry and a Ben. You had several versions of events as to who knew whom, who was drinking with whom, who had insulted whom and who had merely engaged in ‘banter’, a word that in modern Britain has to do an unconscionable amount of lifting. The reporting had constantly mixed up the Ryans as to who had which injury, who was in hospital, who had played which part in the fight, and whose mum had which stern words to say about it. Let’s agree that from now Ryan Ali is Ryan One, the firefighter who ended up with a fractured eye socket and a cracked tooth. Ryan Two can be Ryan Hale, the soldier who scored concussion and facial lacerations. Mr Barry and Mr O’Connell are best known per The Sun as Kai and Billy. In scorecard parlance we’ll leave the cricketers as Stokes and Hales. Amid the confusion, Stokes and his lawyers built his case in a straightforward way. The UK legal definition of affray is ‘if a person threatens or uses unlawful violence or force towards another person, which causes another person of reasonable firmness present at the scene to fear for their safety’. That means it doesn’t account for violence that harms a target, but violence that might frighten a theoretical bystander. The wiggle room for Stokes was with ‘unlawful’, because the charge excuses violence in defending oneself or others. This interpretation hinged on the beginning of the video, where Ryan One waves a beer bottle about and takes a swing at Kai. The version from Stokes was that he was minding his own business walking down the street when he heard homophobic abuse. He intervened verbally and was threatened verbally by Ryan One – something that Ryan One denied but that couldn’t be proved or disproved. In fear for his safety Stokes had to nullify that threat by bashing Ryan One before it went the other way. He registered Ryan Two in his peripheral vision as another possible threat, and again had only one recourse. Stokes also had to convince the jury to disregard testimony from Mbargo’s bouncer that he had been looking for a fight. A solid lump of a man, Andrew Cunningham had not enjoyed his patron’s attempts to get back into the club after the bouncer declined an offer of a bribe. ‘He got a bit verbally abusive towards myself. He mentioned my gold teeth and he said I looked like a cunt and I replied, “Thank you very much.” He just looked at me and told me my tattoos were shit and to look at my job.’ Cunningham described these words as coming in ‘a spiteful tone, quite an angry tone’, and said that Stokes still seemed angry as he walked away. These were details the doorman had nothing to gain by inventing, but each of them Stokes denied. By his own accounting he had drunk a beer at the game and three pints at his hotel, then ‘potentially had some Jägerbombs’ along with half a dozen vodkas at the club. He insisted that after all of this he was not drunk. If I may take a moment here to call upon the wisdom of experience – a person who cannot definitively say whether they have had any Jägerbombs has definitely had some Jägerbombs. A Jägerbomb is an experience that does not pass one by. Further to that, a person who says they have ‘potentially’ done something has definitely done that thing and doesn’t want to admit it. A person who has had between 15 and 24 standard drinks in one evening is shitfaced. A person who tries to bribe a bouncer £300 – three hundred quid! – to get into Mbargo – Mbargo! – is beyond shitfaced. If Stokes admitted that he was drunk then the prosecution could say he was out of control. He claimed clear recall of assessing a threat, feeling fear and deciding to protect himself with force. He confidently denied details from the bouncer’s testimony, like using the word ‘cunt’ or mentioning gold teeth. Yet on other details he claimed a ‘significant memory blackout’. He didn’t remember the punch that saw Ryan One taken away by ambulance. He didn’t remember what the Ryans had said to Kai and Billy, only that those words were homophobic. With no head injury, as one of the few people who hadn’t been hit, he had supposedly suffered this memory loss despite being sober. The version from Kai and Billy was compatible but vague: they had been walking along, they ‘heard … shouts’ of abuse from an unspecified source, then Stokes ‘stepped in’ and thus they avoided possible harm. They claimed to have been bought a drink by Stokes at Mbargo, although CCTV showed them meeting outside. The overall implication from both accounts was that the cricketers had been pals with Kai and Billy, while the Ryans as per The Sun’s headline were a roving band of thugs. The reality though is that the Ryans were the ones hanging out with Kai and Billy at Mbargo. Police discussed CCTV from inside the club in questioning and at trial. On that footage the four Bristolians bought drinks for one another, danced together, and Kai was noted to have variously touched Ryan Two’s crotch and Ryan One’s buttock. Ryan One told police that all of this was taken lightheartedly and wasn’t a problem. Indeed, when the Ryans called it a night the other two left with them. This much is clear from footage out the front of Mbargo, which shows Kai and Billy exit the club and start talking with a subdued Hales and a demonstrative Stokes, who are stuck outside. The vision was played in court to determine whether Stokes was antagonistic towards Kai and Billy, as he appears to impersonate them and to throw a lit cigarette their way. More interesting is that after a few minutes the Ryans emerge, and all six actors in the fight video briefly form a prequel in the one frame. Ryan Two pats Billy on the chest in friendly fashion with his right hand before clapping him on the back with his left. He moves past and does the same to Kai before leaving the shot. Ryan One stops to speak to Kai. They lean in for a moment, talking, then Kai turns and they walk out of frame together. Billy hangs around for a few seconds at the door and then looks after them and races to catch up. Stokes and Hales remain outside the club to remonstrate further with the bouncers. Whatever discord develops around the corner is between four men who left amicably together minutes earlier. There’s no way to know what caused that friction. If Ryan One did use homophobic slurs, he might have been drunkenly obnoxious for no reason. He might have had an insecure macho response to some extra flirtation. He might have thought unkindness was funny – ‘banter’ once again. Or he might have said something that was misunderstood, as both Ryans insisted in court that they had not used nor had the impulse to use any abusive language. What clearly didn’t happen was an attack by bigots on random passers-by. This kind of crime is regular enough that an audience understands the horror of it, and this is what was evoked by the public accounts of Stokes, Billy and Kai. All we know is that there was some verbal dispute among the Bristol locals, and that Stokes came along behind them and put himself in the middle of it. Ryan One responded to the interference aggressively and away they went. There are plenty of reasons to look sideways at the idea that Stokes was a saviour. Foremost, neither Kai nor Billy was called upon as witnesses in court. You’d think it would be ideal to have Stokes’ story backed up by those who benefited from his selflessness. But his defence team had developed the impression that the pair had shown a changeable recall of events amid a hard-partying lifestyle, and would be dismantled by the prosecution on the stand. That raises the question of whether The Sun coached their quotes for the 2017 interview. Despite missing court, Kai and Billy clearly enjoyed the attention. In 2018 after the trial they did a follow-up spread in the same paper about how poor Ben had been mistreated. They got a television spot on Good Morning Britain and glowed about his heroism. In 2019 The Sun wheeled them out once more to say that Stokes should get a knighthood. In 2017 they had ‘never watched cricket’ but by 2019 were supposedly volunteering sentences like, ‘He saved us, now he’s saved the Ashes.’ Whether they were paid for these appearances is not known, but the chance to be famous for a day can be lure enough. If you find this cynical, consider that on the night in question, the Bristol boys were so deeply moved and thankful for Ben’s intervention that they left him to be arrested and never attempted to find out who he was. Seconds after the video ended, an off-duty policeman reached the scene. You might think that someone grateful to a saviour would speak on his behalf. Instead, said Kai, ‘it all got a bit scary so we walked off. It was too much for me and we went to Quigley’s takeaway for chicken burgers and cheesy chips.’ They didn’t give their hero a thought for over a month while police issued multiple appeals for witnesses. As for Stokes, he told his arresting officer that ‘his friends’ had been attacked. After three minutes of chat outside a nightclub, these friends were so dear to him that he has never contacted them again: not after the newspaper piece, not after the verdict. He didn’t want to see how they were or thank them for their support. He didn’t mention them by name in his solicitor’s statement after the trial. The Stokes defence rested on Ryan One’s bottle, which he had carried out of Mbargo to finish a beer, not to use in a Sharks versus Jets amateur production. But once he turned it over to hold it by the neck it became a weapon. Intent and interpretation can change the material nature of things. Part of Stokes’ justification in court was that the bottle implied that the two Ryans might have ‘other weapons’ hidden away. You can understand how a jury could decide that created doubt. Not being convicted, though, doesn’t give the contents of the video a big green tick. It does not, as his lawyer claimed, vindicate Stokes. Looking in detail, Ryan One is belligerent but his movements telegraph a bluff. Hales is the person he’s gesturing at, but they’re several metres apart when Ryan One cocks his arm ostentatiously, showing off the bottle rather than bracing to swing. He skips forward but Hales skips back and Ryan One doesn’t follow. Kai stretches out an arm to impede Ryan One, who has a drunken stumble, nearly eats pavement, then staggers towards Kai and hits him in the back. That hand is still holding the bottle, but his strike is a side-arm cuff on a soft part of the body. It’s all pretty tame. This is where Stokes gets involved. Having moved across to protect Hales, he now takes three large steps to run around Kai and booms his first punch at Ryan One. They fall to the ground and the bottle clinks away. Stokes gets to his feet to punch down at the fallen man, while Hales arrives to kick him ineffectively then runs off across the street for some unknown reason. Ice-cream van? Stokes is soon back in the grapple having his shirt pulled up to show off his Durham tan. Ryan Two steps in for the first time to pull Stokes away, prompting a couple more random punches at this new target, then Stokes trips backwards over Ryan One and sprawls in the street. Hales chooses this moment to return and aim some solid kicks at the head of the man on the ground. Nothing so far is a triumph of moral philosophy or the pugilistic arts. But if it all stopped here, perhaps you could say it was somewhere approaching fair. Ryan One has behaved like a turnip and it’s not an entirely unjust world that would give him a whack across the chops. The antagonists have disentangled, Stokes has some distance, it’s time to dust off and go home. Ryan Two steps forward for this purpose with his palm raised in conciliatory style and says, ‘Settle down, stop.’ So Stokes punches him. It’s roughly his fifth punch overall, and he really winds up into this one. He misses so hard that he stumbles away into the shadows of the shop awnings along the road. Hales starts shouting for him to stop. Ryan Two backs into the street, still holding his palm up. Stokes closes on him from about five metres away, six large steps, to where Ryan Two is standing on his own. Stokes pushes him a couple of times, as Ryan Two keeps trying to placate him and saying ‘Stop.’ Stokes throws his sixth punch, largely missing as his target ducks. Ryan Two keeps pulling away and reversing, into the middle of the street now. Stokes follows him, grabbing his sleeve to drag him back. By this point Ryan One has found his feet and walked around behind his friend. Both of them are in the same line of sight for Stokes, and both are backing away. Stokes aims his seventh and his eighth punches, which Ryan Two tries to deflect, as Hales walks up behind Stokes to grab him. Stokes yanks away from his friend and switches to Ryan One instead, taking seven paces to grab him before throwing his ninth punch of the night. He grabs again; Ryan One blocks that arm and pushes himself back away from Stokes. Ryan Two again intercedes, putting himself between the two with his palms up and his arm extended. Stokes throws his tenth punch, a right-hander at the face of Ryan Two, then shoves him backwards. Ryan Two backs away once more, four paces. Stokes follows, steadies, lines up, then launches his strongest punch yet, his eleventh, a proper right hook from a solid base, one that cracks across the man’s head and gives him concussion. Ryan Two ends up flat on his back in the middle of the street, his hands still outstretched for a moment in useless protest until they twitch and drop to the blacktop. Stokes isn’t done. He once more shoves away the restraining Hales and follows Ryan One, who keeps backing away saying, ‘Alright, alright, alright.’ Five more paces from Stokes before another blow at the man’s head. Kai and Billy are now standing over the poleaxed Ryan Two. The video ends, but seconds later Stokes will punch Ryan One hard enough to knock him out too, before off-duty cop Andrew Spure arrives on the scene to bring down the curtain. When the body-camera footage kicks in some minutes later, Stokes is in handcuffs but Ryan One is still laid out in the street. Ryan Two has regained consciousness, folded his shirt under his friend’s head and is asking police for an ambulance. ‘At this point, I felt vulnerable and frightened. I was concerned for myself and others.’ This was how Stokes described that sequence to the court. An elite athlete with years of gym work and training to snap a bat through the line of a ball with astounding power and precision, swinging fists as hard as he can at men with none of those advantages. Punching so hard that he breaks his hand, and repeatedly shoving away a friend so he can punch some more. Frightened and threatened by two targets shouting ‘Get back!’ and ‘Stop!’ The off-duty officer testified that Stokes ‘seemed to be the main aggressor or was progressing forward trying to get to’ Ryan One, who was ‘trying to back away or get away from the situation’. The student who filmed the video can be heard on the tape at one stage exclaiming ‘Fuck!’ and testified that it was because ‘I felt a little bit sorry about the lad that had been punched and it looked like he had his hands up’. That tallied with the prosecutor’s depiction of ‘a sustained episode of significant violence that left onlookers shocked at what was taking place’. The defendant stuck to his strategy. ‘No, my sole focus was to protect myself.’ All up, in the 33 seconds of footage after he falls over, Stokes takes 35 steps forward to keep hitting two men who keep trying to get away. Not once is he hit back. After the verdict, Stokes’ solicitor positioned him as the victim. It had been ‘an eleven-month ordeal for Ben … The jury’s decision fairly reflects the truth of what happened that night … He was minding his own business … It was only when others came under threat that Ben became physically engaged. The steps that he took were solely aimed at ensuring the safety of himself and the others present …’ The statement was impossibly self-righteous and self-absorbed. If there was anyone to feel sorry for it was Ryan Hale, the second of our two Ryans. He’s the one who emerged from the club with a friendly arm around the shoulder for Kai and Billy. He’s the one who interposed himself to end the fight, then kept putting himself back in the firing line, trying to calm an intimidating stranger while dodging blows. For his show of restraint he got laid out regardless, concussed in the street, then was issued a criminal charge equal to that of the man who hit him, and described in national media as a violent bigot in an untested story to support that man’s defence. Lawyers for Ryan Two made a more convincing post-trial statement, noting that Kai and Billy, ‘neither of whom were relied upon by the prosecution or the defence team for Mr Stokes, have taken the opportunity to speak with various media outlets about the alleged homophobic abuse that they received in the early hours of September 25. Mr Hale has passionately denied this allegation throughout the course of this case,’ it continued. ‘It is upsetting to Mr Hale that although he was acquitted, the accusation that he was the author of such abuse remains. Both Mr Hale and Mr Ali were knocked unconscious by Mr Stokes, and although Mr Stokes has been acquitted of an affray, Mr Hale struggles with the reasons why the Crown Prosecution Service did not treat him as a victim of an unlawful assault.’Good question. Avon and Somerset police were the investigating force, and they were frustrated by the decision. Ryan Two was filmed clearly not hurting anyone, but police were instructed by the CPS to proceed with a charge. Hales (the cricketer) was filmed fighting but ‘a decision was made at a senior level of the CPS’ not to proceed. Police expected Stokes to be charged with assault but the CPS declined. It doesn’t take a wild cynic to think that placing the same lukewarm charge on three men for vastly divergent behaviour might ensure that none would be convicted, even as the trial would maintain the pretence that a defendant of influential standing had not been given a free pass. A couple of years down the line, the original interview with Kai and Billy has disappeared. All traces have been scrubbed from The Sun website, its social media history, and even from the Wayback Machine internet archive. Given its headline of ‘homophobic thugs’ and text that names Ryan Two but not Ryan One, the libel liability isn’t hard to spot. Later interviews with Kai and Billy take the passive voice – they ‘suffered homophobic slurs outside a Bristol nightclub’. The article that was once claimed to exonerate brave Ben Stokes now links only to a missing content page, with a picture of a dropped ice-cream cone and the phrase ‘legal removal’ inserted into the web URL. In terms of consequences, Stokes missed one tour. When he resumed his career in January 2018, the Australians hadn’t yet ruined theirs. Their year-long bans looked much more stringent. But the Stokes case dragged on in other ways. With no criminal liability, the Australians confessed promptly enough for the sporting world to give them the full length of the lash. Their situation was ugly but there was closure. Stokes got stuck in legal stasis, unable to be fully backed or condemned. Instead his issue was always present, a browser full of open tabs that the ECB swore they would read any day now. Through 2018 Stokes was back but he wasn’t back, in the sunglasses and finger-guns sense. In his return one-day series he nearly cost England a match with 39 from 73 balls in Wellington. His first Test hit was a duck as England got rolled in Auckland for 58. At Trent Bridge while Stokes was injured, England posted a world record 481 against Australia. With Stokes three weeks later at the same ground they made 268. He crawled to 50 from 103, the second-slowest any Englishman had reached that milestone in 20 years. That span covered Alastair Cook’s whole career. It was apologetic batting, acting out responsibility via the scorecard. Stokes was creeping back into the team like he’d been kicked out in a blazing row and was hoping to tip-toe to the sofa. It was December 2018 before the ECB disciplinary committee ruled on him and Hales. In a ‘remarkable coincidence’, wrote Simon Heffer in The Telegraph, ‘the punishment both players faced in terms of bans from playing at international level was covered by the amount of games they had already missed when dropped by England’s selectors, in the furore that followed the incident’. The verdict compounded the omissions around the case by not addressing the violence at its heart. Nor did Stokes, apologising only ‘to my team-mates, coaches and support staff’, and then ‘to England supporters and to the public for bringing the game into disrepute’. The implicit next step was to rebuild that reputation. It might have been easier had his court defence not meant that he wasn’t game to admit any fault at all. It might have been easier if he or his advisers had been willing to change tack once the trial was done. Imagine a world where Stokes had stood outside court and apologised for overreacting, for the injuries he’d caused, and for the time and energy he had sucked out of other people’s lives. That would have been a show of responsibility beyond a scorecard. When the time came around to assess forgiveness, it might have meant forgiveness was deserved.
Gov. Wolf, Sec. of Health Announce New Protective Mitigation Efforts to Put Pennsylvania on Pause through Early January
https://www.governor.pa.gov/newsroom/gov-wolf-sec-of-health-announce-new-protective-mitigation-efforts-to-put-pennsylvania-on-pause-through-early-january/ As COVID-19 cases continue to rise, Governor Tom Wolf and Secretary of Health Dr. Rachel Levine today implored Pennsylvanians to take the next three weeks and stand united against the virus by adhering to existing mitigation orders and stricter efforts announced today. “Today I am announcing additional, temporary COVID-19 protective mitigation measures in the commonwealth,” said Gov. Wolf. “With these measures in place, we hope to accomplish three goals: First, stop the devastating spread of COVID-19 in the commonwealth. Second, keep our hospitals and health care workers from becoming overwhelmed. And third, help Pennsylvanians get through the holiday season – and closer to a widely available vaccine – as safely as possible. This is a bridge to a better future in Pennsylvania.” The new, limited-time mitigation orders take effect at 12:01 a.m. on December 12, and remain in effect until 8 a.m. on January 4, 2021. “Each of the last two days we have reported the highest number of deaths since the beginning of the pandemic,” Dr. Rachel Levine said. “In the past week, we have reported close to 1,100 new deaths from COVID-19 across Pennsylvania. The virus continues to strain our health care systems and the dramatic rise in cases among all age groups, including among school-age children, is alarming. Since the start of the pandemic, there have been more than 37,500 cases among children age 5 to 18, yet 9,500 of those cases occurred in the past two weeks.” The Order provisions outlined here are accompanied by supportive data used in part to make these decisions. The data provides a sampling of research that supports why limiting gatherings, reducing occupancy, and temporarily suspending some activities, among other efforts, are considered vital to stopping the spread of COVID-19. Two recent studies, one by Yale University and one by Stanford University, substantiate more than one of these mitigation efforts. Links to the full studies and additional data and research can be found on the Department of Health’s data page, here. Limited-Time Mitigation efforts announced today include: In-Person Dining and Alcohol Sales
All in-person indoor dining at businesses in the retail food services industry, including, but not limited to, bars, restaurants, breweries, wineries, distilleries, social clubs, and private catered events is prohibited.
Outdoor dining, take-out food service, and take-out alcohol sales are permitted and may continue, subject to any limitations or restrictions imposed by Pennsylvania law, or this or any other Order issued by the Sec. of Health or by the governor.
Multiple studies have found indoor dining to drive case increases and fatalities. A study by JP Morgan analyzed credit card spending of more than 30 million Chase cardholders and Johns Hopkins University’s case tracker and found that higher restaurant spending in a state predicted a rise in new infections there three weeks later. Additionally, research from Stanford University found that restaurants accounted for a significant amount of new infections while research from Yale University found that closing restaurants reduced fatality rates. Indoor Gatherings and Events
Indoor gatherings and events of more than 10 persons are prohibited.
Churches, synagogues, temples, mosques, and other places of congregate worship are specifically excluded from the limitations set forth above during religious services, these institutions are strongly encouraged to find alternative methods for worship, as in person gatherings pose a significant risk to participants at this time. While this an incredibly difficult recommendation to make, particularly at this time of year, faith leaders must carefully weigh the health risks to their congregants given the immense amount of community spread of COVID-19.
A new study from Stanford University and published in the journal, nature, used cellphone data collected from 10 U.S. cities from March to May to demonstrate that restaurants, gyms, cafes, churches and other crowded indoor venues accounted for some 8 in 10 new infections in the early months of the U.S. coronavirus epidemic. Outdoor Gatherings and Events
Outdoor gatherings and events of more than 50 persons are prohibited.
According to a Yale University study, limiting outdoor gatherings was among consistent policies found to reduce fatality rates. The CDC states that medium-sized outdoor gatherings carry a higher risk of COVID-19 spread, even with social distancing. CDC notes that the more people an individual interacts with at a gathering and the longer that interaction lasts, the higher the potential risk of becoming infected with COVID-19 and COVID-19 spreading, and that the higher the level of community transmission in the area that the gathering is being held, the higher the risk of COVID-19 spreading during a gathering. Capacity Limits for Businesses
All in-person businesses serving the public may only operate at up to 50% of the maximum capacity stated on the applicable certificate of occupancy, except as limited by existing orders to a smaller capacity limit.
The same Stanford University study that collected cellphone data also noted that limiting indoor capacity can reduce COVID-19 transmissions. Gyms and Fitness Facilities
Indoor operations at gyms and fitness facilities are prohibited.
Outdoor facilities and outdoor classes can continue, but all participants must wear face coverings in accordance with the Sec. of Health’s Updated Order Requiring Universal Face Coverings, including any subsequent amendments, and practice physical distancing requirements.
According to a Yale University study, closing businesses like gyms was among consistent policies found to reduce fatality rates. Entertainment Industry
All in-person businesses in the entertainment industry serving the public within a building or indoor defined area, including, but not limited to, theaters, concert venues, museums, movie theaters, arcades, casinos, bowling alleys, private clubs, and all other similar entertainment, recreational or social facilities, are prohibited from operation.
The CDC puts movie theaters and other indoor settings on its list of higher-risk activities for contracting COVID-19. In-Person Extracurricular School Activities
Voluntary activities sponsored or approved by a school entity’s governing body or administration are suspended, but these extracurricular activities may be held virtually. This includes, but is not limited to, attendance at or participation in activities such musical ensembles, school plays, student council, clubs, and school dances.
Our top priority is stopping the spread of this virus so students and teachers can return to their classrooms as soon as possible. Data from the Department of Health notes that one-quarter of the cases of COVID among school-age children have occurred within the past two weeks, increasing the need to keep children safe outside of school so that they can return to classrooms. K-12 School Sports and Youth Sports
All sports at K-12 public schools, nonpublic schools, private schools and club, travel, recreational, intermural, and intramural sports are paused.
The Pennsylvania Principals Association is recommending a delay to the start of the winter sports season. The surge in cases among school-age children increases the risk that asymptomatic participants will spread the virus at a game or practice, in the locker room, while traveling to and from events, or at team meals, parties or other gatherings. Professional and Collegiate Sports
Professional or collegiate sports activities may continue in accordance with guidance from the CDC and the Department of Health.
Spectators may not attend such sports activities in person.
[Other] These are the top 73 parks in the United States, ranked based on the quality of their coaster collections, as voted by, well... you! This is as close to objective as a ranking will ever get for this. Don't worry, I have some nerdy data to help explain myself.
This post needs a little clarification. Anyway, many of you are aware of the brilliant Vote Coasters project over at Coaster Bot. If not, take a look: https://coasterbot.com/votecoasters-fullresults2020 2699 enthusiasts from across the wrold people ranked every roller coaster they've ever ridden, at an average of 43 coaster credits per voter (116256 total credits). Many of you personally participated in this survey. Their algorithm is extremely clever (https://coasterbot.com/votecoasters-how) - "The community is only permitted to rank roller coasters they’ve actually ridden. This way each roller coasters position in the final results will be as truthful and accurate as possible. By making it easy for lots of people to contribute their lists, Vote Coasters is able to accumulate a large sample which represents everyone! Once the community has voted, the numbers are crunched. Our method involves directly comparing the rank of two individual roller coasters across all of the submitted lists. As Vote Coasters makes direct comparisons between individual roller coasters, the poll is not a popularity contest. Even obscure roller coasters that few people have had the chance to ride yet can do well!" I have taken this data and created a point system for coasters that's directly linked to their ranking on Vote Coasters 2020. The #1 ranking, Steel Vengeance, is worth 500 points. [Zadra's second and would be worth 499 points, but it's not in the US] #3, Lightning Rod, gets 498 points. El Toro gets 497 points and so on, all the way down to La Vibora in 499th place, earning only 2 points for its park. Any coaster under the top 500 (such as Corkscrew at Cedar Point) is worth zero points. This weeds out kiddie coasters and terrible coasters from factoring into a park's collection quality. Basically, crappy coasters add zero points to a park's total points, while excellent coasters are worth way more points than mid-tier ones. For coasters with two tracks, such as Gemini or Lightning Racer, I only counted points for the best of the two tracks. My spreadsheet showing the point values for all 256 American coasters in the top 500 is here: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/10aaS1f8CptsXEvUSqE2-VUtal-Od9gim-x8rT7xkT8M/edit?usp=sharing I have added all of the points for the coasters in all of the 73 American amusement parks that house at least one global top 500 roller coaster. I ranked the earned point totals for all 73 parks. (That's how I got to a "Top 73!") For those like me who care exclusively about coasters and collecting quality credits and nothing else, I think this is an EXCELLENT way to prioritize future amusement park trips based on the quality of each park's overall coaster collection. Without further ado, here's what you want to see:
69 (93 points): Frontier City (5 coasters, 1 ranked)
70 (37 points): Adventureland New York (2 coasters, 1 ranked)
71 (17 points): Lakemont Park (3 coasters, 1 ranked)
72 (12 points): Conneaut Lake Park (2 coasters, 1 ranked)
73 (8 points): Belmont Park (1 coaster, 1 ranked)
If any coaster YouTube channel wants to use this data to fuel an idea for a new video (sup Airtime Thrills or Coaster Studios or, you know, COASTER BOT!), please feel free! 100% of the credit goes to Coaster Bot for helping me compile this ranking.
Keanu Reeves drastically changed the original vision of the game, resulting in a 2 year rushed mess
Cyberpunk 2077 is extremely buggy and evidently incomplete not because the developers are incompetent, but because the management ordered them to work on the Keanu Reeves version after 2018 instead of the Heist/GTAV they had almost complete. In 2018 an anonymous leaker explained that there would be a trailer, a secret gameplay demo for journalists, and a bunch of other features. What's important is that he pointed out that the Moon levels were already complete and only needed polishing which is why CDPR was confident in releasing information about the game. In 2018 they had no idea who would portray Johnny Silverhand or how big he would be to the game. The original plot was: You are V and you need money. You can complete all gigs in the game and then leave the city after you have enough fame and money, with your romance option. The main story was simply heist related, similar to GTA V. With each heist taking you to more absurd locations. You would be taken in by Morgan BlackhandFor those who don't know, Morgan Blackhand is the one that had a beef with Arasaka, nuked their tower, and fought Adam Smasher. Not Johnny Silverhand.You can see Morgan Blackhand in the 2018 trailer with his black combed hair, where he shows you stock options and travels in space through Orbital Air, thanks to data miners confirming his identity. After the trailer's release, Keanu got involved, and for those who don't know about Keanu. He often demands creative input, almost every project he has worked on he has changed the director and the plot to fit his view.With CDPR looking to break sales, the most likely agreed to his vision in return for marketing since their plan was to sell 20 million copies. The result is now Morgan Blackhand being replaced with Johnny Silverhand, with him taking over his backstory. The cut Casino locations and various heist codes are still in the game. Morgan Blackhand was renamed Mr. Blue Eyes. The same man that offers you the heist after the game is completed. Below is the cut casino that you can still find at the edge of the map ironically. there is also art of the same casino. ps - I reiterate that im not after keanau or think he is the reason the game came out the way it did, I'm sure even a man like him couldnt play around too much with the 200~ mill budget. https://preview.redd.it/2v3m1nbo1q761.png?width=1920&format=png&auto=webp&s=cbd338c6d4efb40e0d5209c4952eee81baef6125 https://preview.redd.it/98m8ynbo1q761.png?width=1920&format=png&auto=webp&s=2163ec4ce418ce16c46b60459ccc7251face8efc
Gov. Wolf, Sec. of Health Announce New Protective Mitigation Efforts to Put Pennsylvania on Pause through Early January
Gov. Wolf Limited-Time Mitigation Order Sec. Levine Limited-Time Mitigation Order As COVID-19 cases continue to rise, Governor Tom Wolf and Secretary of Health Dr. Rachel Levine today implored Pennsylvanians to take the next three weeks and stand united against the virus by adhering to existing mitigation orders and stricter efforts announced today. “Today I am announcing additional, temporary COVID-19 protective mitigation measures in the commonwealth,” said Gov. Wolf. “With these measures in place, we hope to accomplish three goals: First, stop the devastating spread of COVID-19 in the commonwealth. Second, keep our hospitals and health care workers from becoming overwhelmed. And third, help Pennsylvanians get through the holiday season – and closer to a widely available vaccine – as safely as possible. This is a bridge to a better future in Pennsylvania.” The new, limited-time mitigation orders take effect at 12:01 a.m. on December 12, and remain in effect until 8 a.m. on January 4, 2021. “Each of the last two days we have reported the highest number of deaths since the beginning of the pandemic,” Dr. Rachel Levine said. “In the past week, we have reported close to 1,100 new deaths from COVID-19 across Pennsylvania. The virus continues to strain our health care systems and the dramatic rise in cases among all age groups, including among school-age children, is alarming. Since the start of the pandemic, there have been more than 37,500 cases among children age 5 to 18, yet 9,500 of those cases occurred in the past two weeks.” The Order provisions outlined here are accompanied by supportive data used in part to make these decisions. The data provides a sampling of research that supports why limiting gatherings, reducing occupancy, and temporarily suspending some activities, among other efforts, are considered vital to stopping the spread of COVID-19. Two recent studies, one by Yale University and one by Stanford University, substantiate more than one of these mitigation efforts. Links to the full studies and additional data and research can be found on the Department of Health’s data page, here. Limited-Time Mitigation efforts announced today include: In-Person Dining and Alcohol Sales All in-person indoor dining at businesses in the retail food services industry, including, but not limited to, bars, restaurants, breweries, wineries, distilleries, social clubs, and private catered events is prohibited. Outdoor dining, take-out food service, and take-out alcohol sales are permitted and may continue, subject to any limitations or restrictions imposed by Pennsylvania law, or this or any other Order issued by the Sec. of Health or by the governor. Multiple studies have found indoor dining to drive case increases and fatalities. A study by JP Morgan analyzed credit card spending of more than 30 million Chase cardholders and Johns Hopkins University’s case tracker and found that higher restaurant spending in a state predicted a rise in new infections there three weeks later. Additionally, Research from Stanford University found that restaurants accounted for a significant amount of new infections while research from Yale University found that closing restaurants reduced fatality rates. Indoor Gatherings and Events Indoor gatherings and events of more than 10 persons are prohibited. Churches, synagogues, temples, mosques, and other places of congregate worship are specifically excluded from the limitations set forth above during religious services, these institutions are strongly encouraged to find alternative methods for worship, as in person gatherings pose a significant risk to participants at this time. While this an incredibly difficult recommendation to make, particularly at this time of year, faith leaders must carefully weigh the health risks to their congregants given the immense amount of community spread of COVID-19. A new study from Stanford University and published in the journal, nature, used cellphone data collected from 10 U.S. cities from March to May to demonstrate that restaurants, gyms, cafes, churches and other crowded indoor venues accounted for some 8 in 10 new infections in the early months of the U.S. coronavirus epidemic. Outdoor Gatherings and Events Outdoor gatherings and events of more than 50 persons are prohibited. According to a Yale University study, limiting outdoor gatherings was among consistent policies found to reduce fatality rates. The CDC states that medium-sized outdoor gatherings carry a higher risk of COVID-19 spread, even with social distancing. CDC notes that the more people an individual interacts with at a gathering and the longer that interaction lasts, the higher the potential risk of becoming infected with COVID-19 and COVID-19 spreading, and that the higher the level of community transmission in the area that the gathering is being held, the higher the risk of COVID-19 spreading during a gathering. Capacity Limits for Businesses All in-person businesses serving the public may only operate at up to 50% of the maximum capacity stated on the applicable certificate of occupancy, except as limited by existing orders to a smaller capacity limit. The same Stanford University study that collected cellphone data also noted that limiting indoor capacity can reduce COVID-19 transmissions. Gyms and Fitness Facilities Indoor operations at gyms and fitness facilities are prohibited. Outdoor facilities and outdoor classes can continue, but all participants must wear face coverings in accordance with the Sec. of Health’s Updated Order Requiring Universal Face Coverings, including any subsequent amendments, and practice physical distancing requirements. According to a Yale University study, closing businesses like gyms was among consistent policies found to reduce fatality rates. Entertainment Industry All in-person businesses in the entertainment industry serving the public within a building or indoor defined area, including, but not limited to, theaters, concert venues, museums, movie theaters, arcades, casinos, bowling alleys, private clubs, and all other similar entertainment, recreational or social facilities, are prohibited from operation. The CDC puts movie theaters and other indoor settings on its list of higher-risk activities for contracting COVID-19. In-Person Extracurricular School Activities Voluntary activities sponsored or approved by a school entity’s governing body or administration are suspended, but these extracurricular activities may be held virtually. This includes, but is not limited to, attendance at or participation in activities such musical ensembles, school plays, student council, clubs, and school dances. Our top priority is stopping the spread of this virus so students and teachers can return to their classrooms as soon as possible. Data from the Department of Health notes that one-quarter of the cases of COVID among school-age children have occurred within the past two weeks, increasing the need to keep children safe outside of school so that they can return to classrooms. K-12 School Sports and Youth Sports All sports at K-12 public schools, nonpublic schools, private schools and club, travel, recreational, intermural, and intramural sports are paused. The Pennsylvania Principals Association is recommending a delay to the start of the winter sports season. The surge in cases among school-age children increases the risk that asymptomatic participants will spread the virus at a game or practice, in the locker room, while traveling to and from events, or at team meals, parties or other gatherings. Professional and Collegiate Sports Professional or collegiate sports activities may continue in accordance with guidance from the CDC and the Department of Health. Spectators may not attend such sports activities in person. The CDC warns large gatherings create a high risk of COVID-19 spreading. “We know that COVID-19 thrives in places where people gather together,” Gov. Wolf said. “Therefore, these mitigation measures target high-risk environments and activities and aim to reduce the spread of this devastating virus.” According to Yale University research, mitigation measures such as mandatory mask requirements, and gym and restaurant closures are policies that most consistently predict lower four- to six-week-ahead fatality growth. “The work we do now to slow the spread of COVID-19 is not only crucial to keeping our fellow Pennsylvanians safe and healthy,” Gov. Wolf said. “It will help all of us get back to normal, and back to all of the things we’ve missed, faster. And it means more Pennsylvanians will be alive to celebrate that brighter future. This year, we show our love for our families and friends by celebrating safely and protecting one another.” Frequently Asked Questions Gov. Wolf Amended Mitigation, Enforcement, and Immunity Order edit: links
My take on Cyberpunk 2077. I’m playing on a decently powerful PC ( i7 7700, GTX 1070 Ti, 1TB SSD, 32GB DDR4 RAM), and I only started after the game was patched to v1.04. Female V, Street Kid background, on Hard difficulty. I'm not particularly far into the game, as I've been busy with work and also just exploring. Maybe 25% or so done. I’ve patched the PC version to 1.05. Glitches have been minor, non-gamebreaking graphical issues, mostly things just looking weird. Not common, and more amusing than distracting / infuriating. No crashes, one T-pose, some dumb A.I. stuf. I had one issue where Johnny kept repeating some line about a casino, but I found fast-traveling back to the casino lets the game flag the dialogue as complete and it goes away. I also used to play the tabletop Cyberpunk 2020 tabletop RPG, so I’m quite familiar with the setting and the changes. Things to know: * Despite being based on a popular RPG, it’s more like Mass Effect or the Witcher III vs. Fallout or Skyrim. Your path is just more about if you’re going to respond as a noble anti-hero or an obnoxious dickhead. It’s more Paragon / Renegade responses to the same choice vs. making massive, world-changing decisions. Also, unless this happens later in the game, your background doesn't make a massive difference in the game. Going Nomad or Corpo or Streetkid just seems to change the prologue, give you a few unique dialogue options, and probably a few sidequests. Sort of like the FemShep background in Mass Effect. I was hoping it would be more like the original RPG, where a Corpo could request corporate assets, the Nomad could call in their family convoy, etc. * The game earns its M-rating. Profanity, violence, gore, and heavily sexualized in-world advertisements that are HEAVILY focused on conventional heterosexual male gaze (Although someone pointed out to me that the Watson Whore ads actually feature a feminine male individual in thigh-high boots, and not a woman as I originally thought). I get it. It’s a dystopia where corporations exploit anything and everyone for profit, but sheesh. It’s 2077. Let’s extrapolate out how 57 years of progress would affect gender and sexuality and really blur the lines. I doubt a transwoman model would be shocking in 2077, even one that is visibly well hung. You’d think 2077 would have cyborg models that resemble something out of the grotesque Maelstrom transhumanist gangers. I mean, I like porn, and seeing tits and dicks isn’t going to offend me. It’s just so widespread that it loses any shock or titillation value, and it’s too close to actual “sexy” ads that it isn’t an effective satire or parody of hyper-sexualized marketing. I did smirk at going into a Night City sex shop and seeing a display of a female mannequin pegging a male mannequin, so it’s not like I’m completely above cheap titillation. Pros: · Graphics are absolutely gorgeous · Sound is great, as well as voice-acting. A certain mainstream actor sounds a bit flat, which isn’t uncommon for traditional actors doing voicework. · World-building and storyline is engrossing. · Some of the in-game humor is genuinely funny. Some of the relationships with your NPCs is genuinely touching. · When the game’s missions really embrace the source material, it’s really cool. Like rescuing a rich woman from bio-scavengers stripping her for her high-end cybernetic parts like a Ferrari in a chop shop, and having to un-jam the interference chip that is keeping her internal alarm system from alerting a heavily armed Trauma Team, or corralling rogue A.I. taxi cabs. · Music is nice and setting appropriate. The licensed music on the radios is great. · Weapons are neat and have some cool sci-fi features not found in modern shooters. Armor is available in everything from bulky military vests to clubkid wear. · Braindancing is genuinely cool. - Some fanservice for Cyberpunk 2020 players, such as Jack Entropy, Morgan Blackhand, Rogue and Johnny Silverhand. There's even a flashback to the distant past of 2023. - Once you get the rhythm down with weapons, mods, cybernetics, and combining hacking, tech, and firepower and you start ripping through entire gangs like a true street samurai, it is a fucking rush. Scouting, marking targets, disabling security cameras, then stunning the Alpha Dawg with a hack of his cyberware or nervous system, wounding them all with a frag grenade, charging in with a poly-diamond-carbide katana, then retreating to patch yourself up and popping a few guys through cover with a Tech Rifle before finishing off the last guys with a Smart Shotgun feels AMAZING. Cons: · Driving is a bit wonky at first, due to the fact you’re using the A/D keys for left/right, vs. an analog control stick. Seems easier on a motorcycle. · Combat is a bit annoying at the beginning, as enemies are Borderlands-style bullet-sponges. The original RPG’s Friday Night Firefight combat system emphasized that people don’t magically become more resistant to bullets with experience (outside of armor or implants), and a single, well-placed bullet can drop a rookie Netrunner just as easily as a veteran Solo. · The breaching mini-game is rather repetitive. I finally figured out the Vertical-Horizontal-Vertical pattern. · Some of the in-game tutorials or level requirements are unclear or misleading. Like how to disrupt an enemy Netrunner trying to overheat your cybernetics, or what the actual patterns are for the hacking mini-game, although you should have enough time to trial & error a solution. It’s far too easy to stumble into a random encounter or sidequest that you are massively underpowered for (such as the bare-knuckle brawling). It’s even weirder since Witcher 3 did an excellent job of preventing this. TIPS: · Upgrade your Cyberdeck as soon as possible, preferably with a Blue or Purple Grade one. This really ups your hacking prowess. · Sell anything white, and break down anything Green or above. - There's an Intelligence perk that highlights hostile Netrunners in Amber instead of Red like every other enemy mook. Very, very handy. - Some of the Power sniper rifles will still penetrate cover, even if they're not a Tech rifle. The slow rate-of-fire, but heavy single shot SPT32 will punch through cover. Very handy for taking out mooks you've marked. There's a Blue crafting recipe, and it's still pretty devastating. · Mix up your skills. You can’t raise a sub-skill above an attribute, so if you have Reflexes at 7, and Handguns at 7, using a pistol won’t raise your handgun skill to 8 until you boost Reflexes to 8. So switch to a shotgun or melee weapon. · It doesn’t seem like your character is affected by Cyberpsychosis. In the original RPG, to prevent everyone from going to a full Robocop / Adam Smasher total body conversion, the more hardware you added, the more humanity you lost. Go nuts at the Ripperdoc! · Melee weapons are surprisingly effective in the 2070s. I avoided them, then tried them out of curiosity when I got an Iconic katana. I didn’t expect to run through a squad of Maelstrom creeps like a Cuisinart with severed limbs flying. MILD SPOILER: There’s a Maelstrom cyborg who is one of the Cyber-Psychos. She’ll close in and slice you to ribbons if you try to shoot her. Duel her, and parry her Mantis blades. · Don’t forget your grenades! Using grenades helps boost your Engineering skils. · If you get too many health kits or grenades, you can break them down. · After hacking a security camera, you can manually reach up to it and permanently switch it off. This prevents it from being turned back on, AND boosts your Engineering skills. · Hiding bodies in dumpsters, crates, car trunks gives you Stealth XP. · I’m still searching for a good way to boost Athletics besides running and climbing everywhere. I believe parrying melee attacks with a katana boosts this. · You can drag someone to a body dump site with your initial chokehold, then kill them and stash their body with one button press once you’ve dragged them to a body dump site.
Hello again, and good morning! This listing is for items that did not sell during the December 13 Auction, so you can buy anything you want right here and right now - no buyer's premiums, no additional fees. *FREE shipping for any order over $100. *All items priced at $1 are now .75 each NOTE: Since we are fast approaching Christmas, if you want me to ship your order via Priority Mail - to hopefully get it there by Christmas - please let me know during your first PM and I will get your order shipped ASAP. My wife and I just got back from the post office to mail a few items and were told that at this point, even Priority Mail cannot be guaranteed to arrive by Christmas, but it you want to give it a shot I am happy to oblige. Each lot was individually imaged (front and back) for the auction - so the easiest way for you to see exactly what you're buying is to visit the auction link (the auction is over, so I'm not advertising anything different or advertising an upcoming auction) - so here that is: https://www.invaluable.com/catalog/8o2qykf0og Here is the required "prove you still have the stuff" photo with the username card and today's date: PHOTO Payment: PayPal only. I do not have Venmo/Zello/Bitcoin or any other form of digital payment at this time. No notes if using PPFF, please. (Thank you.) If you choose to use PPFF, please make sure to send me your shipping address here as it won't automatically load with your payment. Shipping: I will charge you what it costs me for the USPS label rounded up to the nearest dollar. For First Class that is usually $4, for USPS Priority Mail Flat Rate Small Box it will be $9. I will get you a tracking number right after payment is received and will get your package scanned into the USPS system within 24 hours of receipt of payment. I will offer "Risky Shipping" (via stamped greeting card)at my discretionfor $1 - for single, small coins ONLY.NOTE: These prices are for Continental US shipping only - if you live outside the continental US, shipping will be more expensive. I am still happy to do it under the same rules as above, but just keep in mind it's going to cost more. What do YOU need to do to buy coins from this group: send me a list of which lots you want (for example, I want to buy lots # 51, 52, 53, 54, 55) and I will send you a total. There are too many coins here (plus there are duplicates) so I cannot look up the coins you want by description - just give me lot numbers and it will be much simpler. I'd like to make a simple and polite request - if I have sent you my PayPal information (meaning we've agreed to a deal) please finish it up as soon as you can so I can check you off the list and move on to the next person. This helps make sure you get all the coins we discussed and no one else is in limbo. I will do my absolute best to update the ad as soon as lots sell. LEFTOVERS: 51 Toner US Type Set 1$40.00 52 1963 Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 53 Toner US Type Set 3 $25.00 54 1959 D Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 55 1959 Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 56World Silver - Panama 1904 5 Centesimos $3.00 57 1960 D Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 58World Silver - Panama 1931 1/10 Balboa $3.00 59 World Silver - Germany 1937 D 2 Reichsmark $11.00 60 1976 D Eisenhower Dollar UNC MINT CELLO $4.00 61 World Silver - Panama 1931 1/10 Balboa $3.00 62 1960 D Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 63World Silver - France 1903 50 Centimes KEY DATE $4.00 64 1977 D Eisenhower Dollar UNC MINT CELLO $4.00 65 1960 Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 66 1962 Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 67 1959 D Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 68 Toner US Type Set 6 $50.00 701936 Mercury Dime Doubled Die Obverse HIGH GRADE $30.00 71 1963 D Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 72 1956 D Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 73 1961 D Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 74 1957 D Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 75 1957 D Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 80 1956 Roosevelt Dime UNC TONED $6.00 81 1959 Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 831954 Washington Quarter $5.00 84 1960 D Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 86 1961 D Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 87 1964 Washington Quarter TONED $6.00 89 1976 S Silver Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 90 1974 D Eisenhower Dollar UNC MINT CELLO $4.00 94 1964 Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 95 Illinois Governer Otto Kerner Inauguration Medal $2.00 96 1963 Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 97 1964 D Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 98 1963 D Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 99 1961 D Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 100 1963 Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 151 1961 Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 153 World Silver - Great Britain 1893 Sixpence $4.00 154 1964 D Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 156World Silver - Bahamas 1974 Proof 50 Cents LOW MINTAGE 1.1xMELT 157 1964 D Washington Quarter TONED $6.00 158World Silver - Bahamas 1976 Proof 50 Cents LOW MINTAGE 1.1xMELT 159World Silver - Bahamas 1970 Proof 1 Dollar LOW MINTAGE 1.1xMELT 161World Silver - Bahamas 1971 Proof 1 Dollar LOW MINTAGE 1.1xMELT 162 1959 Type B Reverse Washington Quarter UNC $10.00 163 1959 Type B Reverse Washington Quarter UNC TONED $12.00 164World Silver - Bahamas 1971 Proof 1 Dollar LOW MINTAGE 1.1xMELT 165World Silver - Bahamas 1974 Proof 1 Dollar LOW MINTAGE 1.1xMELT 166 1960 Type B Reverse Washington Quarter UNC $10.00 167 1960 Type B Reverse Washington Quarter UNC $10.00 168World Silver - Bahamas 1976 Proof 1 Dollar LOW MINTAGE 1.1xMELT 170 1964 Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 171World Silver - Bahamas 1974 Proof 2 Dollars LOW MINTAGE 1.1xMELT 172 1963 Type B Reverse Washington Quarter UNC TONED $12.00 173 1964 Kennedy Half Mint Clip Error $12.00 174World Silver - Bahamas 1976 Proof 2 Dollars LOW MINTAGE 1.1xMELT 175 1964 D Washington Quarter UNC TONED $8.00 176World Silver - British Virgin Islands 1973 Proof 1 Dollar LOW MINTAGE 1.1xMELT 177World Silver - British Virgin Islands 1973 Proof 1 Dollar LOW MINTAGE 1.1xMELT 178World Silver - British Virgin Islands 1973 Proof 1 Dollar LOW MINTAGE 1.1xMELT 179 Stag Beer Wooden Nickel "Fair on the Square" $1.00 180 The TV Shop Slidell, LA One Wooden Buck $1.00 181World Silver - British Virgin Islands 1974 Proof 1 Dollar LOW MINTAGE 1.1xMELT 182World Silver - British Virgin Islands 1974 Proof 1 Dollar LOW MINTAGE 1.1xMELT 183World Silver - British Virgin Islands 1975 Proof 1 Dollar LOW MINTAGE 1.1xMELT 185 1962 Type B Reverse Washington Silver Quarter NICE $8.00 186 World Silver - Australia 1923 Sixpence $4.00 188 1957 Type B Reverse Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 190 1996 D Kennedy Half UNC MINT CELLO $1.00 191 State of Missouri Sesquicentennial Medal $1.00 192World Silver - Canada 1948 10 Cents $2.00 193 State of Missouri Sesquicentennial Medal $2.00 194 State of Missouri Sesquicentennial Medal $2.00 195World Silver - Canada 1948 10 Cents $2.00 196World Silver - Canada 1948 10 Cents $2.00 197 1957 Type B Reverse Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 198World Silver - Canada 1935 10 Cents $2.00 199 1974 D Kennedy Half Dollar DDO UNC $20.00 251 World Silver - Bahamas 1970 Proof 50 Cents LOW MINTAGE $5.00 252World Silver - Canada 1935 10 Cents $2.00 253 1978 D Kennedy Half Dollar UNC from Mint Set GEM BU TONED $20.00 254World Silver - Canada 1935 10 Cents $2.00 255 1957 Type B Reverse Washington Quarter NICE $6.00 256 1979 Kennedy Half Dollar UNC from Mint Set GEM BU TONED $8.00 257 1986 D Kennedy Half Dollar UNC from Mint Set GEM BU TONED $6.00 258 1986 D Kennedy Half Dollar UNC from Mint Set GEM BU TONED $6.00 259 1954 S Washington Quarter UNC $10.00 260 1957 Washington Quarter UNC TONED $10.00 261 1963 Type B Reverse Washington Quarter UNC TONED $20.00 262 1999 D Kennedy Half Dollar UNC from Mint Set GEM BU PROOFLIKE $3.00 263World Silver - Bahamas 1973 Proof 1 Dollar LOW MINTAGE 1.1xMELT 264World Silver - Bahamas 1974 Proof 1 Dollar LOW MINTAGE 1.1xMELT 265 Panama - 1975 Proof 5 Centesimos in OGP cello $1.00 266 1971 D Eisenhower Dollar "Talon Head" Obverse Die Clash / "Moon Line" Reverse Die Clash UNC TONED $10.00 267World Silver - Bahamas 1971 Proof 2 Dollars LOW MINTAGE 1.1xMELT 269 Maybrook NY Golden Jubilee Good For 10 Cent Wooden Nickel $1.00 270 Maybrook NY 1975 Golden Jubilee 25 Cent Wooden Nickel $1.00 271 1962 Type B Reverse Washington Silver Quarter NICE $6.00 272 1974 Eisenhower Dollar UNC RAINBOW TONED $12.00 273World Silver - Barbados 1973 Proof 5 Dollars LOW MINTAGE 1.1xMELT 274 1962 Type B Reverse Washington Silver Quarter NICE $6.00 275World Silver - Barbados 1973 Proof 5 Dollars LOW MINTAGE 1.1xMELT 276World Silver - Australia 1920 Shilling $6.00 280World Silver - Australia 1943 Shilling $6.00 281 2009 P Lincoln Cent "Formative Years" Doubled Die Reverse Book Low UNC $2.00 282 2009 P Lincoln Cent "Formative Years" Doubled Die Reverse Book Low UNC $2.00 283World Silver - Canada 1973 5 Dollars UNC 1.1xMELT 284 2009 P Lincoln Cent "Formative Years" Doubled Die Reverse 012 UNC $2.00 285World Silver - Canada 1973 5 Dollars UNC 1.1xMELT 287 1983 Lincoln Cent DDO FS-101 $25.00 288 2009 P Lincoln Cent "Formative Years" Doubled Die Reverse 012 UNC $2.00 289 2009 P Lincoln Cent "Formative Years" Doubled Die Reverse 012 UNC $2.00 290 1983 Lincoln Cent DDO UNC GEM BU $50.00 291 1964 D Washington Silver Quarter UNC TONED $8.00 292 2000 "Wide AM" Lincoln Cent UNC $12.00 293 1960's Terre Haute, IN Sesquicentennial Wooden Nickel $2.00 294 2009 P Lincoln Cent "Formative Years" Doubled Die Reverse 002 UNC $2.00 295 2009 P Lincoln Cent "Formative Years" Doubled Die Reverse 002 UNC $2.00 296 2009 P Lincoln Cent "Formative Years" Doubled Die Reverse 002 UNC $2.00 297 2009 P Lincoln Cent "Formative Years" Doubled Die Reverse 002 UNC $2.00 298 1982 Buffalo NY Sesquicentennial Wooden Nickel $1.00 299 2009 P Lincoln Cent "Formative Years" Doubled Die Reverse 002 UNC $2.00 300 2009 P Lincoln Cent "Formative Years" Doubled Die Reverse 002 UNC $2.00 351 2009 P Lincoln Cent "Formative Years" Doubled Die Reverse 013 UNC $2.00 352 Denmark - 1950 5 Ore KEY DATE $8.00 353 2009 P Lincoln Cent "Formative Years" Doubled Die Reverse 013 UNC $2.00 354 2009 P Lincoln Cent "Formative Years" Doubled Die Reverse 013 UNC $2.00 355 2009 P Lincoln Cent "Formative Years" Doubled Die Reverse 013 UNC $2.00 356 2009 P Lincoln Cent "Formative Years" Doubled Die Reverse 013 UNC $2.00 357 1990 Rappahannock Area Coin Club Wooden Nickel $1.00 360 Old Time Wooden Nickel Co Support Our Troops Wooden Nickel $1.00 361 1941 S "Large S" Lincoln Wheat Cent $1.00 362 1941 S "Large S" Lincoln Wheat Cent $1.00 363 1941 S "Large S" Lincoln Wheat Cent $1.00 364 1980 D Jefferson Nickel Mint Error - Minor Curved Clip (@3:30) $3.00 365 1979 S "Type 2 - Clear S" Proof Jefferson Nickel $2.00 366 1979 S "Type 2 - Clear S" Proof Jefferson Nickel $2.00 374 Sudan - 1972 50 Ghirsh UNC $2.00 375 50 Cents in Trade Token $1.00 376World Silver - Canada 1904 10 Cents $2.00 377 Clear Lake, IA Perkins Wooden Nickel $1.00 378 50 Cents in Trade Token $1.00 379 Medallic Art Co Grand Canyon National Park 50th Anniversary Medal Bronze $3.00 380 Great Britain - 1981 25 New Pence UNC $3.00 381 "The Great War for Civilization" Art Deco Medal $5.00 382 Pomona National Bridge / Jackson County 200 Year Anniversary Medal $3.00 383 Guyana - 1970 1 Dollar UNC $2.00 385 Illawarrra Numismatic Association Membership Discount Wooden Nickel Token $1.00 386 San Juan Quality Royale Casino Token $1 Face Value $1.00 387 Canada - 1963 Prooflike 1 Cent Emerald Rainbow Toning $3.00 388 Artisan Silverworks Temecula, CA Wooden Nickel $1.00 389 Canada - 1966 1 Cent Emerald Toning $2.00 392 5 Cent Token $1.00 393 Netherlands East Indies - 1945 S 1 Cent UNC $2.00 395 Denmark - 1904/804 1 Ore NICE $8.00 396 Netherlands Antilles - 1965 2.5 Cents UNC TONED $6.00 398 Netherlands - 1921 1/2 Cent BETTER DATE $2.00 399 Netherlands - 1922 1/2 Cent BETTER DATE $4.00 451 Sweden - 1901 1 Ore $1.00 452 Norway - 1948 50 Ore Overdate 4/4 $5.00 453 Netherlands Antilles - 1959 1 Cent UNC $2.00 454Korea (Republic) - 1959 100 Hwan NICE $8.00 457World Silver - Canada 1945 10 Cents $2.00 458 Canada - 1948 5 Cents $1.00 459 Korea (Republic) - 1968 1 Won NICE $1.00 460 Denmark - 1951 10 Ore NICE $5.00 461 Barbados - 1973 Proof 5 Cents in OGP $1.00 463 Barbados - 1973 Proof 25 Cents in OGP $1.00 465 Hungary - 1965 2 Filler Key Date $5.00 466 World Silver - Canada 1886 Ten Cents $7.00 468 Switzerland - 1968 5 Rappen UNC TONED $1.00 471 Trinidad & Tobago - 1973 Proof 1 Cent in OGP $1.00 472 British Virgin Islands - 1974 Proof 10 Cents in OGP cello $1.00 476 British Virgin Islands - 1973 Proof 1 Cent in OGP $1.00 479 World Silver - Australia 1920 Shilling $8.00 480 Barbados - 1980 Proof 25 Cents in OGP cello $1.00 481 World Silver - Switzerland 1975 1 Franc $6.00 483 10 Great Britain Large Pennies - all different dates as early as 1900 $6.00 485 10 Great Britain Large Pennies - all different dates as early as 1900 $6.00 486 10 Great Britain Large Pennies - all different dates as early as 1900 $6.00 488 Netherlands East Indies - 1921 1/2 Cent NICE KEY DATE $8.00 493 10 Great Britain Large Pennies - all different dates as early as 1900 $6.00 495 France - 1946 C 5 Francs $1.00 499 World Silver - Australia 1922 Sixpence $5.00 500 France - 1946 5 Francs $1.00 552 10 Great Britain Large Pennies $6.00 553 Switzerland - 1902 2 Rappen KEY DATE FIRST YEAR $8.00 554 Panama - 1975 Proof 1 Centesimo in OGP $5.00 555 Panama - 1975 Proof 10 Centesimos in OGP $1.00 556 Panama - 1976 Proof 10 Centesimos in OGP $1.00 557World Silver - Australia 1928 Shilling $5.00 558 10 Great Britain Large Pennies $6.00 559 Panama - 1975 Proof 25 Centesimos in OGP $1.00 561 Panama - 1975 Proof 5 Centesimos in OGP $1.00 562 Panama - 1976 Proof 5 Centesimos in OGP $2.00 563 10 Great Britain Large Pennies $6.00 564 10 Great Britain Large Pennies $6.00 565World Silver - Australia 1917 M 1 Florin $8.00 566 World Silver - Australia 1912 1 Shilling KEY DATE $8.00 567 World Silver - Australia 1913 1 Shilling KEY DATE $8.00 568 Panama - 1974 Proof 5 Centesimos in OGP cello $1.00 569 World Silver - Australia 1917 M Sixpence KEY DATE $6.00 571 World Silver - Australia 1922 Sixpence KEY DATE $8.00 572 Panama - 1973 Proof 1/10 Balboa in OGP $1.00 573 World Silver - Australia 1912 Shilling $8.00 574 Barbados - 1973 Proof 1 Cent $1.00 575 Panama - 1973 Proof 1/4 Balboa in OGP $1.00 577 10 Great Britain Large Pennies $6.00 578 10 Great Britain Large Pennies $6.00 579 10 Great Britain Large Pennies $6.00 580World Silver - Denmark 1874 25 Ore $4.00 582 10 Great Britain Large Pennies $6.00 584 Liberia - 1974 Proof 10 Cents in OGP $1.00 585 10 Great Britain Large Pennies $6.00 587World Silver - Portugal 1933 2 1/2 Escudos KEY DATE $6.00 588World Silver - New Zealand 1943 6 Pence $3.00 589 10 Great Britain Large Pennies $6.00 590 12 Great Britain Large Pennies $6.00 591 1979 Swedish Shooting Medal $2.00 592 1984 Swedish Shooting Medal $2.00 594 Bahamas - 1970 Proof 1 Cent in OGP $1.00 596 Token "10" Unknown origin $1.00 597 World Silver - Ecuador 1833 1 Real $15.00 651 Sarawak - 1930 1 Cent NICE $5.00 652 Indiana Sesquicentennial Medal 1966 $3.00 653 1960 Roxborough/Manayunk/Wissahickon (Philadelphia) 250th Anniversary Medal $3.00 654 Alleppey Dist Treasury 286 Token $3.00 655 Creotina Remedies Belleville, IL Token $3.00 656 World Silver - Canada 1881 H 25 Cents $8.00 657 Mexico - 2001 1 Peso UNC in original cello $1.00 659 World Silver - Germany (Wurttemburg) 1805 6 Kreuzer $8.00 661 Greece - 1959 10 Drachmai UNC $6.00 664World Silver - Canada 1921 25 Cents $5.00 665 Franklin D Roosevelt $2 Trade Token Union Maystern $3.00 667 Russia - 1994 50 Roubles Blind Mole Rat LOW MINTAGE UNC $3.00 668 World Silver - Germany (Hamburg) 1700's 1 Schilling (12 Pfennig) $4.00 670 Barbados - 1973 Proof 1 Cent and 5 Cents in OGP (two coins) $4.00 671 Barbados - 1973 Proof 10 Cents and 25 Cents in OGP (two coins) $1.00 672 Mint of Romania Aluminum Token UNC $3.00 673 Bahamas - 1973 and 1974 Proof 1 Cents in OGP (two coins) $1.00 674 Bahamas - 1973 and 1974 Proof 5 Cents in OGP (two coins) $1.00 676 Penny Press Mint 1 Dollar Token (Morgan Dollar Inspired Design) $2.00 677 Penny Press Mint 1 Dollar Token (Morgan Dollar Inspired Design) $2.00 678 France (Paris) Montmartre Auditing Firm "Good for one audition" Token $2.00 679 Thailand - Bangkok Institute of Accounting Token $1.00 680 Swedish Shooting Medal Double Pistols Design $3.00 681 1941 Mercury Dime Pin $4.00 683Korea (Republic) - 1959 100 Hwan $3.00 684 Russia - 1994 50 Roubles Bison NICE LOW MINTAGE $2.00 685 Coca-Cola 1974 "It's the real thing" Silver Dollar City Token $5.00 686 State Mint of Romania Octagonal Token UNC $2.00 687France - 1943 B 50 Centimes BETTER DATE $3.00 688 World Silver - Australia 1918 M Sixpence KEY DATE $15.00 689 World Silver - Canada 1891 Ten Cents $6.00 691 World Silver - Australia 1920 M Sixpence SEMI KEY DATE $6.00 692 Mount Vernon, VA High School Token $1.00 693 Mexico - 1954 5 Centavos UNC $1.00 694World Silver - Canada 1948 Ten Cents $2.00 696 Russia - 1992 100 Roubles UNC $2.00 698 Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Driver's Association "good for one full fare" token $2.00 699 Mexico - 1973 20 Centavos UNC $3.00 700World Silver - Canada 1948 10 Cents $2.00 751 Canada - 1957 House of Commons Medal $3.00 752 Mexico - 1955 5 Centavos $1.00 753 Mexico - 1955 5 Centavos $1.00 754 National Pony Express Centennial Medal So Called Dollar UNC TONED $5.00 756 Four Canada 1991 UNC Cents (4 coins) in OGP CELLO $1.00 757 Four Canada 1991 UNC 5 Cents (4 coins) in OGP CELLO $1.00 758 Pair of Two Thomas Jefferson 1 Cent Postal Stamps $1.00 759 Four Canada 1991 UNC 10 Cents (4 coins) in OGP CELLO $1.00 760 Philippines - 1975 Proof 10 Cents in OGP $1.00 761 Mexico - 2000 10 Pesos UNC in original cello $6.00 762 Philippines - 1975 Proof 5 Cents in OGP $1.00 763 India - 1926 1/12 Anna NICE $2.00 764World Silver - Canada 1948 25 Cents $5.00 765 Mexico - 2000 20 Pesos UNC in original cello $10.00 766 Four Canada 1991 UNC 50 Cents (4 coins) in OGP CELLO $3.00 767 Four Canada 1991 UNC 1 Dollar (4 coins) in OGP CELLO $5.00 768 Morocco - AH1320 10 Mazunas $8.00 769 Korea (Republic) - 1972 5 Won UNC $1.00 770 Korea (Republic) - 1974 50 Won NICE $1.00 771 Jamaica - 1976 Proof 1 Cent in OGP $1.00 772 Korea (Republic) - 1979 100 Won NICE $1.00 774 Mexico - 1935 20 Centavos NICE $6.00 776 1974 P Kennedy Half Dollar UNC MINT CELLO $2.00 777 Poland - 2014 2 Zlotych UNC $2.00 778 Mexico - 1913 1 Centavo $1.00 779 Mexico - 1921 1 Centavo BETTER DATE $8.00 780 Mexico - 1924 1 Centavo BETTER DATE $8.00 782 Two Mixed Tokens $1.00 783 1976 P Kennedy Half Dollar UNC MINT CELLO $2.00 786 Canada - 1970 1 Cent TONED $1.00 787 Canada - 1932 1 Cent NICE $2.00 788 State Penal Institution 5 Cent Good For Token $3.00 789 1953 Silver Proof Washington Quarter NICE $15.00 791 District Treasury Alleppey 1860 Token Government of Kerala $2.00 792 Russia (Empire) - 1881 1 Kopek $1.00 7942011 S Silver Proof Glacier Quarter $6.00 795 North Fork, West Virginia 1 Penny 1903 Masonic Token NICE $3.00 7962013 S Silver Proof Great Basin Quarter $6.00 797 Canada - 1939 Coronation Medal $2.00 799 Germany (Empire) - 1890 A 20 Pfennig $10.00 851 France - 1935 1 Franc KEY DATE $5.00 852 Great Britain - Queen Victoria 60 Years of Rule Medal $3.00 853 Peru - 1878 1 Centavo $3.00 854 Belgium - 1944 2 Franc NICE $1.00 855World Silver - Canada 1948 25 Cents $5.00 859 Monarch Automatic Co Northhampton Good For One Coupon in Trading Token $2.00 860 Netherlands - 1881 1 Cent $1.00 862 Mexico - 2000 20 Pesos UNC in original cello $10.00 864 World Silver - Australia 1913 Shilling $8.00 866 $1 Good For Token Large $3.00 867 Canada - 1939 Coronation Medal $3.00 8682011 S Silver Proof Chickasaw Quarter $6.00 8692013 S Silver Proof White Mountain Quarter $6.00 870 Belgium - 1836 2 Centimes $1.00 874 Germany (Prussia) - 1834 D 1 Pfennig $1.00 876 World Silver - Panama 1931 1/10 Balboa $4.00 878 1953 Queen Elizabeth Coronation Medal $3.00 880 World Silver - Australia 1920 M Sixpence $6.00 886 Canada - 1962 "Hanging 2" 1 Cent UNC $4.00 888 Australia - 2014 1 Dollar 100 Years of ANZAC $1.00 893 Duenweg, Missouri State Bank One Quart Token NICE $3.00 894 Rotary International Token $1.00 896 Canada - 1930 House of Commons Medal $3.00 900 France - 1944 C 2 Francs $1.00 951 France - 1944 C 2 Francs $1.00 952 Poland - 2006 2 Zlotych $3.00 953 Poland - 2003 2 Zlotych $3.00 956 Poland - 2004 2 Zlotych $3.00 9722010 S Silver Proof Mount Hood Quarter $6.00 9742011 S Silver Proof Olympic Quarter $6.00 975World Silver - Australia 1916 1 Florin $9.00 9762010 S Silver Proof Yosemite Quarter $6.00
Title says it. I have 3 ScreenPasses to give away with about 350 eligible titles, give or take a few. First come, first serve basis. Below is a list of the movies available so you can look to see what's available before you decide you wanna grab a pass. One or two might be repeated once or twice. Forgive the confusion. ALL GONE.
Die Hard 1-5
Fast And Furious (all minus Tokyo Drift)
The Matrix 1-3
Batman (NolanVerse) 1-3
The Lost World of Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park III
Batman vs Superman Dawn of Justice
How To Train Your Dragon 1-2
Ocean 11, 12, 13
30 Days of Night
Lord of The Rings Extended Edition 1-3
The Hobbit Extended Edition 1-3
Rush Hour 1-3
Gone In 60 Seconds
Constantine, City of Demons
Ready Player One
Live. Die. Repeat. Edge of Tomorrow
Me Before You
The Legend of Tarzan
The Shawshank Redemption
The Hangover 1-3
Justice League Dark
Love And Basketball
Straight Outta Compton
Blade Runner (The Final Cut)
Blade Runner 2049
Batman: Mask of The Phantasm
Man of Steel
The Death and Return of Superman
Batman: The Dark Knight Returns (Deluxe Edition)
Jason Bourne 1-5
Batman: Gotham By Gaslight
Batman: Under The Red Hood
Rock N Rolla
Stranger Than Fiction
American Gangster Unrated (Extended Edition)
The Incredible Hulk (Edward Norton)
Batman: The Killing Joke
Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox
Justice League: War
Planet of The Apes 1-3 (newer version)
The Fifth Element
Wonder Woman Bloodlines
IT Chapter One
Fantastic Beasts And Where to Find Them
Black Hawk Down
Batman & Mr. Freeze, Sub Zero
Batman Beyond: Return of The Joker
San Andreas (Dwayne Johnson)
Sherlock Holmes 1-2
Life of Pi
The Purge 1-4
Se7en (Brad Pitt/Morgan Freeman)
King Kong (2005)
Independence Day Resurgence
The Shape of Water
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Aladdin: Return of Jafar
Aladdin and The King of Thieves
Riddick (Unrated Directors Cut)
The Chronicles of Riddick (Unrated Directors Cut)
Suicide Squad Extended Cut
Mr. & Mrs. Smith (Unrated)
Kingdom of Heaven (Directors Cut)
Wonder Woman Commemorative Edition
The Mummy (Tom Cruise)
Mad Max: Fury Road
The Mummy 1-3 (Fraser)
Batman vs Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles
Girl on The Train
Justice League Doom
Son of Batman
Batman vs. Robin
Batman: Bad Blood
Batman: Assault on Arkham
Justice League vs Teen Titans
Godzilla, King of The Monsters
Abraham Lincoln, Vampire Hunter
King Arthur, Legend of The Sword
Constantine (Keanu Reeves)
Shaun of The Dead
The Wolfman (Unrated Edition)
The Fault in Our Stars
Hellboy: The Golden Army
The Bye Bye Man
Green Lantern: Emerald Knights (Animated)
Green Lantern (Ryan Reynolds)
Murder On The Orient Express
Skyscraper (Dwayne Johnson)
The Quick and The Dead
The Man from U.N.C.L.E.
Rampage (Dwayne Johnson)
Romeo Must Die
Live by Night
Black K Klansman
28 Days Later
The Strangers Prey At Night
The Great Wall
The Strangers (Unrated)
Close Encounters (Directors Cut, Special Edition, Theatrical release)
The Death of Superman
Batman and Harley Quinn
Snow White and The Huntsman (Extended Edition)
Huntsman Winter War (Extended Edition)
Fantastic Beasts The Crimes of Grindelwald
The Last Samurai
The Big Lebowski
Leon The Professional
Alfred Hitchcock Collection (Psycho, Rear Window, Vertigo, The Birds)
Bad Times at The El Royale
Full Metal Jacket
Interview With a Vampire
Back to The Future 1-3
How The Grinch Stole Christmas (Jim Carrey)
I Am Legend
The Book of Eli
The Green Mile
Snow Falling on Cedars
Bad Boys 1-2
The Old Man & The Gun
Robin Hood (Gerard Butler)
Superman vs The Elite
V For Vendetta
The Maze Runner
The Scorch Trials
The Death Cure
Batman v Superman (theatrical/Ultimate edition)
The Breakfast Club
Justice League: The New Frontier (Animated)
Teen Titans: Judas Contract (Animated)
Exodus God's and Kings
London Has Fallen
Oz The Great and Powerful
In The Heart of The Sea
Air Force One
Olympus Has Fallen
Ouija: Origin of Evil
The Mask of Zorro
The Conjuring 2
Queen of The Damned
The Hobbit 1-3 (Theatrical/Extended Edition)
Lord of The Rings 1-3 (Theatrical/Extended Edition)
No discussion of Upper Class Billionaires would be complete without the Rothschilds. A family dynasty synonymous with wealth. But what is the true extent of this wealth? Just how powerful is this relatively secretive family? With various theories circulating on the Internet, can we reach a rational consensus? Part 1/6 - The Architect? Mayer Amschel is often cited as the founder of the Rothschild banking dynasty. In 1770, he married Guttle Schnapper. This boosted Mayer's wealth, as he received a generous dowry of 2,400 gulden from her father (who worked as a court agent). Mayer wouldn't forget this and, in his will, outlined strict, controversial provisions regarding Rothschild marriages. Mayer was concerned that the family's fortune would be diluted as it grew through marriages. As such, his will "barred female descendants from any direct inheritance" and, in effect, provided incentives for intermarriages. Four of his granddaughters married grandsons (first cousins), while one married her uncle. Now, is this really a tale of Started from the Bottom? Or, much like Drake, is there a rich Uncle involved? To answer that, we need to ask: who came before Mayer Amschel? Well, his father, Amschel Moses had a business in goods-trading and currency exchange. He was a personal supplier of collectable coins to the Prince of Hesse. We'll come back to that shortly... We know little about Mayer Amschel's grandparents and more remote ancestors. The family did previously use the name "Bauer" - in fact the name Rothschild didn't really stick until Mayer Amschel's generation came along. Benjamin Franklin once observed that in life only death and taxes are inevitable; they are also virtually the only things about which records survive for the earliest Rothschilds. The most we can say about the early Rothschilds is that they were relatively successful small businessmen dealing in, among other things, cloth. Five years before his death in 1585, Isak zum roten Schild had a taxable income of 2,700 gulden. A century later his great-grandson Kalman, a moneychanger who also dealt in wool and silk, had a taxable income more than twice as large. It seems that his son (Mayer Amschel's grandfather Moses) successfully developed his father's business, continuing the process of steady social ascent by marrying, successively, the daughters of a tax collector and of a doctor. With the help of relatives, Mayer Amschel secured an apprenticeship under Jacob Wolf Oppenheimer, at the banking firm of Simon Wolf Oppenheimer in Hanover, in 1757, where he acquired useful knowledge in foreign trade and currency exchange, before returning to his brothers' business in Frankfurt in 1763. He became a dealer in rare coins and, just as his father had done previously, won the patronage of the Prince of Hesse. His coin business grew to include a number of princely patrons, and then expanded through the provision of financial services to the Prince of Hesse. In 1769, Mayer Amschel gained the title of "Court Agent", managing the finances of the immensely wealthy Prince of Hesse who in 1785 became William IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, and inherited one of the largest fortunes in Europe at the time. Part 2/6 - The Five Arrows The Rothschild coat-of-arms includes a fist clutching five arrows, a reference to Mayer's five sons. At the turn of the nineteenth century, Mayer sent his sons to establish banks in Frankfurt, Naples, Vienna, France, and London. The release of the "Five Arrows" symbolises strength through unity, and marks the beginning of the Rothschild's global banking dynasty. Part 3/6 - Nathan Mayer Napoleon was on the march through Europe, and William gave his fortune to Mayer Amschel to protect it from being seized by Napoleon. Mayer was able to hide the money by sending it to his son Nathan in London. The London Rothschild office had to spend it somewhere, and loaned it to the British Crown, in order to finance the British armies fighting Napoleon in Spain and Portugal in the Peninsular War. These savvy investments of William's money paid off handsomely, netting sufficient interest that their own wealth eventually exceeded that of their original nest-egg client (the nest-egg client who had inherited the largest fortune in Europe remember). This marked the birth of the Rothschild banking dynasty. Historian Niall Ferguson outlines the sheer scale of the Rothschild family's operations: "For most of the nineteenth century, N M Rothschild was part of the biggest bank in the world which dominated the international bond market. For a contemporary equivalent, one has to imagine a merger between Merrill Lynch, Morgan Stanley, J P Morgan and probably Goldman Sachs too — as well, perhaps, as the International Monetary Fund, given the nineteen-century Rothschild's role in stabilizing the finances of numerous governments." Nathan pioneered the ingenious strategy of lending to governments during wartime. This tactic, used when Nathan funded Wellington's army in 1814, is the primary cause of the explosion in the family's wealth during what proved to be 150 years of nearly chronic warfare. Of course, the Rothschilds played no role in instigating said conflicts... Continual war in Europe created excellent opportunities to profit from smuggling scarce consumer goods past military blockades. Since the Rothschilds often financed both sides in a conflict and were known to have great political influence, the mere sight of the red shield on a leather pouch, a carriage, or a ship's flag was sufficient to insure that the messenger or his cargo could pass through check points in either direction. This immunity allowed them to deal in a thriving black market for cotton goods, yarn, tobacco, coffee, sugar, and indigo; and they moved freely through the borders of Germany, Scandinavia, Holland, Spain, England, and France. This government protection was one of those indirect benefits that generated commercial profits - of course they were also getting interest on the underlying government loans. Even the friendliest of biographers admit that, for more than two centuries, the House of Rothschild profited handsomely from wars and economic collapses, the very occasions on which others sustained the greatest losses. Part 4/6 - Nat The Rothschilds tend to keep tend to keep out of the limelight. One of the family’s grande dames said you should only appear in the newspapers on three occasions: hatch (aka birth), match (aka marriage) and dispatch (aka death). Therefore, this makes the odd flamboyant Rothschild stand out even more. One that springs to mind is Nat Rothschild (Jacob Rothschild's son) and ex Bullingdon Club member who in 2016 married former Page 3 model Loretta Basey. According to Forbes, Nat's net worth was $1 billion in 2012, but he lost his official billionaire status the next year. However,according to an article in the Observer in 2000, Nat's actual inheritance is hidden in a series of trusts in Switzerland and rumoured to be worth £40BN (i.e. $60 billion.) Part 5/6 - Ghislaine Maxwell? Alan Dershoiwtz, who once defended Jeffrey Epstein in court, writes: "My wife and I were introduced to Ghislaine Maxwell by Sir Evelyn and Lady Lynne de Rothschild..." Evelyn de Rothschild and his wife Lynn were introduced by none other than Henry Kissinger at the 1998 Bilderberg Group conference in Scotland. They married two years later, and were invited to spend their honeymoon at the White House by the Clintons. I have an idea! Let's type Rothschild into the WikiLeaks Hilary Clinton Email Archive. Nice. 69 results. Let's check out the intercourse between Hilary and Lynn. How about this one - Info For You on the 25th of September 2010? In that email chain, we have the following message from Hilary to Lynne. "Lynn, I was trying to reach you to tell you and Teddy that I asked Tony Blair to go to Israel as part of our full court press on keeping the Middle East negotiations going. He told me that he had a commitment in Aspen with you two and the conference, but after we talked, he decided to go and asked me to tell you. He is very sorry, obviously, but I'm grateful that he accepted my request. I hope you all understand and give him a raincheck...Let me know what penance I owe you. And please explain to Teddy. As ever, H" Part 6/6 - True Extent We come to the kicker: what is true extent of the Rothschild's wealth? Of course, it is impossible to pin down an exact number because of the level of diversification of their wealth and the secrecy with which the offshore infrastructure operates. After all, we know what happens to those that try to expose this shady world. Worryingly, Panama is only one of more than 90 financial secrecy jurisdictions around the world today, compared with just a dozen or so in the early 1970s. Together, as of 2015, they holdat least $24 trillion to $36 trillionin anonymous private financial wealth, most of which belong to the top 0.1 percent of the planet’s wealthiest. Of course, none of this offshore wealth belongs to the Rothschilds... In 2003, the Sunday Times identified Jacob Rothschild as the secret holder of the large stake in Yukos that was previously controlled by Mikhail Khodorkovsky, the oil company's chairman. The size of this stake? £8 billion. In 2003, the pound dollar exchange rate was 1.63 - therefore the dollar value of the stake was around $13 billion. In 2017, Jacob's net worth was pegged at under one billion dollars. No comment... According to the Forbes List, the richest individual Rothschild is Benjamin de Rothschild, from the French branch of the family, with a net worth of $1.5BN. This is despite the fact that Benjamin presides over the Edmond de Rothschild Group, which manages over $175 billion in assets. In August 2019, de Rothschild's family bought out the group's public shareholders. But yes, of course Benjamin, supposedly the richest Rothschild, is worth 2/3 of Donald Trump. Speaking of Donald Trump... Trump at one time owned a quarter of Atlantic City’s casino market. However, Trump was heavily in debt, and he started missing bond payments on his — and Atlantic City’s — largest casino, the Taj Mahal, in 1990. Wilbur Ross, then an investment banker working for...you guessed it, Rothschild Inc., helped bondholders negotiate with Trump, whose finances were unraveling. The final deal reduced Trump’s ownership stake in the Taj but left him in charge, and bondholders were unhappy when Ross presented the plan. “Why did we make a deal with him?” one bondholder asked. Ross insisted that Trump was worth saving. “The Trump name is still very much an asset,” he said. In 2017, Ross became Secretary of Commerce. Remember folks: Presidents are selected... not elected. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3wbIGFgxJd0
48 points: jesseaknight's comment in In the show St. Elsewhere, a character in the finale is shown to have thought of the whole series, which means he also made up all the shows that had crossovers with St. Elsewhere. This expands into the shows that were mentioned in the shows. There is at this point 419 shows in this universe
44 points: Derosa6037's comment in the longest single set at the laugh factory lasted 7h and 34m (by Dane Cook in 2008).
43 points: astronoob's comment in Margaret Hamilton, NASA's lead software engineer for the Apollo Program, stands next to the code she wrote by hand that took Humanity to the moon in 1969.
42 points: rus_reddit's comment in Rand Paul was the national debt for halloween in 2015. He said it was a very scary costume.
40 points: thejesiah's comment in Close Encounters of the Third Kind Geocache in Northern Italy
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